QUILTS & FABRIC: PAST & PRESENT


Monday, May 3, 2021

Pictorial Crazy Quilts in Cretonne

 

Found in the New Hampshire project. Photo from the Quilt Index.

Here's a distinctive quilt style that seems to be a New England regional idea. Quilts grow out of the fabric available and these pictorial, large-scale prints seem to have been abundant there in the 1880s and '90s.

The Boston Museum of Fine Arts owns a similar quilt with a large-scale floral border. The furnishing fabrics might have been called chintz but at the end of the 19th century the term was cretonne.

Oscar Wilde and his sunflower probably inspired by
his 1882 tour of the U.S.
See Louise Tiemann's post on the Oscar fabric

The James Garfield campaign print dates from 1880.

Several museums own similar examples:

The Metropolitan Museum of Art's also has an Oscar print.

Arab Lancers on horseback was a popular print.

Puppies! You wonder if these were not made
for children. What fun to talk about the pictures.

The above two details are from a quilt in the Spencer Museum of
Art at the University of Kansas. I took lots of detail photos
 but couldn't find a good all over shot.


The Moda/United Notions collection also has a block
style version.

Here's one signed and dated Harriet Smith, 1885 from Stella Rubin's shop.

Not crazy, just fussy cut squares including some cheater cloth.
Makes one wonder how so many stitchers acquired so many prints.
Factory cutaways?

From Florence Peto's collection, a medallion format.

This one also has a portrait of Chester Arthur who became President in 1881 after Garfield was assassinated. Style is more the cut-out-chintz applique that was out of fashion by the 1880s.


Another take on cut-out-chintz or Broderie Perse,
auctioned this year in New Haven, Connecticut.



So when you see one think "New England, 1880s-1900."

In 1886 the Mayflower won the America's Cup.

UPDATE: Julie Silber sent details of one in her collection dated 1886.

The bird fabric and the binding are a crepe, textured cretonne. 

It's also a form of Broderie Perse, cut-out chintz.
Blocks may be by different stitchers.

Mikado theme

1 comment:

Lady Locust said...

Great examples! They are sure fun when you know some of the snippets of info (like Wilde's sunflower etc.) to go along with the quilts. I have one with a campaign ribbon from a fella who lost a gubernatorial election. Had to look up who he was which was interesting.