Monday, October 1, 2018

Stripes for Bordering Quilts: Poppies

Broderie Perse or Chintz Applique quilt sold by Northeast Auctions.
Not much is known about it but my first guess was "Carolinas, 1830-1850."

The quilt is very much like the one below.

Chintz Applique Album dated 1848 & 1849, Mary V. Yeadon, 
Greensville, South Carolina International Quilt Study Center & Museum

25 graceful blocks, same proportions, both over 100 inches square,
with identical border stripe of poppies. 
Both quilted in a diagonal square grid.

See a post on this quilt here:

Repeat in the poppy stripe, pink, orange, red and white with teal green leaves
and blue morning glories.

Detail of the poppy from the Yeadon quilt. Background is a fancy machine ground
 in a vermiculate  (worm-like trails) or meander pattern.

Dated 1865 & 1866 by Dibble, Evans, Zimmerman and Edwards
families, Charleston, South Carolina. From the North Carolina
project & the Quilt Index. Now in the collection of the Charleston Museum.

A smaller quilt with only nine blocks, all the same. Each is about 20"; the quilt is 91" square. This one is quilted in arcs: fans and clamshells.

The talented N.C. team measured the outside stripe too. It's 13" wide.

The date-inscribed examples are late in my mind. I'd have guessed mid 1840s, but then I found this advertisement:

"Furniture Prints, some Striped for bordering Quilts"
July 6, 1853
Edgefield [SC] Advertiser

Edgefield is way west of Charleston but what mattered was not so much distance as river travel and Charleston merchants seemed to advertise in the Edgefield papers, knowing that the well-to-do and middling families traveled back and forth or sent agents to shop for them in the port city.

Edgefield about 1910

I found an earlier ad for stripes from the Sumter Banner in 1847 advertising 
"Furniture Prints, Quilt bordering, Quilt patchwork..."
From M. Thomson in Sumterville (now Sumter)

"Quilt Bordering"

Furniture print is a period name for what we'd call chintz or decorating prints.

Floral stripes were quite the fashion in the Carolinas. I'd now date these quilt 1830-1865 rather than 1830- 1850. When Laurel Horton analyzed quilts in the South Carolina project she noted that chintz borders lingered there as a style decades after chintz was considered "chintzy" by Northern quilters.

Another auction quilt, this one from the McCarl's collection, sold at a Pook & Pook auction a few years ago. The center panel is numbered 15 in Merikay Waldvogel's panel index. Smaller panels are Number 2. The double border is the poppy print.

In this photo from Stella Rubin you can see the
quilting is a square grid on point.

Colonial Williamsburg has a medallion quilt framed by diagonal stripes, including the poppy next to a rose stripe that may have been a companion fabric. The quilt descended in the family of James Betts, a dry goods merchant in Charleston. Betts, confined to a chair, is said to have finished the quilt, perhaps after his wife Emily Margaret Silliman Betts appliqued the center. Emily died at 28 years old in 1841. James never remarried and lived into 1875.
Betts advertised in DeBow's Review in the 1850s

See the whole quilt by going to this search page and scrolling down on the left to Quick Search. Type in Betts and then hit Go.

Quilt from Patricia Smith's collection
pictured in the catalog Calico & Chintz. 

This quilt may have been confiscated by the 55th Massachusetts Infantry in South Carolina during the Civil War. See a post on it here:

You can bet I am doing word searches through Southern newspapers for 
Quilt Bordering
Quilt Stripe

Collection of the Charleston Museum #2006.35.2
Irish Chain with the poppy stripe as 12" wide border. 

1 comment:

  1. Those ads for the bordering stripes are such a great find. Congratulations!