This early quilt descended in the family of Indianapolis Children's Museum founder Mary Stewart Carey, born in Greensburg, Indiana, who spent most of her life in Indianapolis. At some point a label with family names was attached going back to "Martha Wood Stamson 1800" according to the Quilts of Indiana book.
The maker is probably Martha Wood Slawson, born in 1786 in New York. She married Simeon Slawson (Slauson) April 6, 1805. They moved to a farm near the Ohio River town of Rising Sun, Switzerland County, Indiana in 1818. The family thought the quilt was made in Indiana but it's probably one of many early New York quilts.
Karen writes me that I have made a geographical error. As a volunteer at the Ohio County Indiana History Museum she corrects me: "The map of Indiana included in your blog has Switzerland County incorrectly identified.The shaded county is Ohio County and Rising Sun is the county seat. Switzerland County is just south of Ohio County. When the Slawson’s arrived Ohio County did not exist. Rising Sun was in Dearborn County."
And that would be all we know except thatMartha Wood Slauson's daughter Maria Slauson Tarkington wrote an "Account of her Early Life," which was included in her husband's 1899 book