Embroidered wool quilt with large-scale floral cotton back
I said:"Looks like a very common solution for a backing in the 1880-1930 era, a large scale furnishing called a cretonne at the time. Here's a similar idea."
Undated crazy quilt with cretonne backing
There was disagreement. Virginia:
"About 1910.... have not had quilts with that kind of backing cross my work table [earlier] than 1900."
SS 1914 dated on the back
Debby sent a link to this log cabin to back up the 20th century theory.
Humph! says I: I'll collect pictures I've got of cretonne backs on dated quilts and show you 19th century.
Like this wool crazy dated 1889
Wool string quilt dated 1906 on the top
with 1970s fabric on the back
But I realized pretty quickly that the date on the front of the quilt and the date of the backing fabric could be quite different. And I didn't have enough examples to really tell us anything much.
Now, friends, here's one I feel pretty good about:
Dated 1894 on the top with a cretonne back, cretonne border and
cretonne in the patchwork.
Of course, it's not wool....
And that's about all I got. I looked at quilts dated 1880 to 1930 and apparently I have been wrong, wrong, wrong in assuming that quiltmakers used cretonnes as backing when American-printed cretonnes were first being manufactured, which I assumed was about 1880---I may be too early on that guess too.
I might be able to wiggle back to 1893 when this commemorative for the World's Fair in Chicago was printed.
A few more undated examples: Probably 1910-1930
We'll call them early 20th-century.
I see by the comments that I did not explain cretonne well enough other than ''large-scale floral cotton." A narrower definition might be a large-scale floral cotton, produced in the U.S. after 1880. Fabric quality varied.
Here's a link to a post: