Here's an old pattern with an art deco look.
You see it most often in wools with seam-covering embroidery---
relatives of the crazy quilt.
Kansas Museum of History
Sometimes in silks.
But more common in wools and blend
Most are from online auctions
From dealer Mark French
Polyester from the Wyoming Project and the Quilt Index
The pattern was published several times. It's #3345 to 3347 in BlockBase
Clara Stone published it first about 1900 as Sunshine or Friendship Fan,
which may have been the inspiration for many of the wool examples.
Eveline Foland at the Kansas City Star recognized the modern possibilities in the early 1930s. "Choose floral or figured fabrics in pastel color for the prettiest results." Green sashing.
The Star published it at least twice as a full circle.
"The Thrifty Wife"
This cotton circle variation is older than the Star pattern.
Feather stitching around the circles.
Tim Latimer found one on the Quilt Index from
the Nebraska project by Mabel Fletcher Hornaday,
probably made from the Star pattern.
International Quilt Museum collection
Spectacular version that's a memorial to soldiers serving
in the Spanish-American war.
Rectangles--more string than fan.
The fan arc is rather flattened out here
Air Frais by Josette Schnegg, quilted by Paulette Capt
Tim Latimer's version has a corner triangle rather than an arc.
Here's one with an extra arc. Nancy Cabot at the Chicago Tribune
called this variation Friendship Fan in 1933.
From the 1930s or '40s
There's a lot of pattern potential. You could just piece diagonal
strings over a foundation and pop a quarter circle in the corner.
Or here's an 8" pattern from BlockBase